Analysis of the Historical Foundation of Islam

Published: 2021-09-14 00:55:08
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Analysis of the Historical Foundation of Islam

Analysis of the Historical Foundation of Islam
Before bursting into a Brief discussion and analysis of the historical foundation of Islam, including why its followers believe it to be true, one needs to understand what Islam means. According to the online Encyclopedia Britannica 2009, Islam is an Arabic word that literally means to surrender (Islam, 2009). Islam is a "major world religion belonging to the Semitic (a subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic language family that includes Hebrew, Aramaic, Arabic, and Amharic) family", that usually consists of descendants "of any of a number of peoples of ancient southwestern Asia" (Islam, 2009). A follower of Islam is called a Muslim and so to be Islamic, is to be Muslim (Islam, 2009). Despite several parochial divides, all Muslims are bound by a common faith and they are to surrender to the will of one true God (called Allah) making them a monotheistic religion (Islam, 2009).
According to Muslim belief, Allah is the all powerful creator of all things and he sustains life and he gave his followers his will as written in the Koran (aka Qu'ran) when it was revealed to Muhammad his prophet and most famous messenger back in the 7th century AD (Islam, 2009). One now should have a clear basic understanding of what Islam means, next let us discuss the historical foundation of Islam.
Islamists, or Muslims if you will, believe that Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, were all prophets along with others up to Muhammad being the last to complete the revelations of all the prophets (Islamic World, 2009). Islam caught on quickly thanks to Muhammad and his teachings starting back in the 7th century A.D. to today (Islamic World, 2009). Islam is currently found in over 30 countries mainly in the Africa, Europe, the Indian subcontinent, the Malay Peninsula, China or the Middle East (Islamic World, 2009). Actually, Muslims can be found spread all over the world including such western cultures as the USA, Canada, and South America to name a few (Islamic World, 2009).
Islam originated geographically in the "Nile-to-Oxus region which stretched across Afro-Eurasia from the Sahara to the Gobi" although it was not called Islam just yet (Islamic World, 2009). During 800-200 B.C.E (Axial Age), religion developed into four main groups called Judaism, Mazdeism, Buddhism, and Confucianism that derived all later forms of Christianity and Islam (Islamic World, 2009). During the Axial Age when the Muslim empire was just getting started, two notable religions formed namely the Abrahamic(focused on hebrew Abraham) in the west and the Mazdean (focused on the Iranian deity Ahura Mazdah) in the east" (Islamic World, 2009). Later, thanks to Alexander the Great's conquests in 4 BCE, the Irano-Semitic cultures of the Nile-to-Oxus region were forcefully replaced by Hellenistic or Greek elements (Islamic World, 2009). By the 3rd century CE, people were transplanted into other cultures that included Gnosticism and Manichaeism strangling the Islamic religion (Islamic World, 2009).
Fast forward to One Common Era and the Muslim people left in the Nile-to-Oxus region are now known as Arabs (Islamic World, 2009). Arabs were Semitic-speaking tribes that commonly spoke three languages who drew the name Arab along with the identity from the camel-herding Bedouin pastoralists called themselves: 'arab (Islamic World, 2009).

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