Cuban Missile Crisis

Published: 2021-08-31 04:40:15
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Category: American History

Type of paper: Essay

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Throughout the course of American history, the Presidents have had to make tough decisions that would ultimately make or break our country. The Cuban Missile Crisis was one of these moments in American history, John F. Kennedy's decisions ultimately saved the world, as we know it. Kennedy's challenge was to save the world from a nuclear holocaust between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. The White House responded to the challenge of Soviet missiles and aircraft in Cuba with a process for dealing with a forthcoming threat and the issues of a defensive war. Things to look at are what exactly caused the United States to interact in such hostile negotiations with the Soviet Union? How Kennedy was able to come to such decisions, knowing if he upset the Soviets there could have been a nuclear outbreak. How did these decisions prove to be the correct result? While making decisions Kennedy would have to choose the best one that was the most risky, but least likely to start a nuclear war. Although John F. Kennedy's decisions during the Cuban Missile Crisis were looked at as controversial, his decisions ultimately proved to be the decisions that best ended the crisis.
To further understand the Cuban Missile Crisis one must understand what caused the dilemma. One of the men behind the crisis is known as Fidel Castro; Castro quickly rose to power overthrowing the American supported dictator of Cuba, Fulgencio Batista. Once Castro acquired his power, he began to make Cuba a new communist nation in the Western Hemisphere. This worried the United States, having a Communist power so close to United States borders proved to be bothersome for the government and the people of the nation. Leaders like Castro who were extreme radicals could never be predicted and were always under the careful and cautious American eye. Castro did manage to sneak in a deal while the United States was not watching. He made a deal with a communist power the Soviet Union. He allowed the Soviet Union to harbor their advanced nuclear weaponry and space satellites on the small island only ninety miles away from United States borders; in return, the Soviet Union would buy Cuba's sugar exports, because the United States stopped all trade with Cuba cutting them off from their main source of economy. These deals went unnoticed for quite some time, and soon the United States caught wind of the transactions and they put their foot in the door. Their involvement would cause a long and brutal thirteen days of negotiation and strategic planning for both world powers. The decisions made in those thirteen days could have potentially ended the world, as we know it; each country had enough nuclear weaponry to destroy each other, and any countries bordering them. All it took was the will of one man to save two great nations and the world, John F. Kennedy.
The decisions made by Kennedy proved to be the ones that kept the United States out of a third World War that neither country was prepared for. The hypocrisy in the west was ultimately the cause of the tensions. The United States had intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM's) stationed in Turkey; these missiles were pointing directly at the Soviet Union. When the Soviets tried to play the United States game the American hypocrisy took full effect and demanded that the Soviets return their missiles to their homeland. The United States however never planned to take their missiles out of Turkey, still leaving the Soviets in a cause for concern.

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